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The Bible has been the most influential text in all of Western culture. It's difficult to understand medieval or early modern or much of modern literature without knowing it...

Prof. Barbara Newman, Northwestern University
from 2006 Bible Literary project


It's not that it's impossible to read some writers without a Biblical background, but that you would miss a whole dimension to their work.

Prof. Steven Goldsmith, University of California at Berkeley
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


I can only say that if a student doesn't know any Bible literature, he or she will simply not understand whole elements of Shakespeare, Sidney, Spenser, Milton, Pope, Wordsworth

Prof. Robert Kiely, Harvard University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...there is truth in the remark. "without Tyndale[Bible translator], no Shakespeare"...

Prof. David Daniell, University College London
from The Bible in English


You can't really study Western literature intelligently or coherently without starting with the Bible.

Prof. Gerald L. Bruns, University of Notre Dame
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...a familiar understanding of Christian doctrine in historical perspective thus contributes to a fuller appreciation of Shakespeare's art, but Shakespeare's art

Prof. Roland M. Frye
from Shakespeare and the Christian Doctrine


In English tradition and also for an American tradition begun by Puritan writers, a knowledge of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament is even more crucial than classical references.

Prof. Ulrich Knoefplmacher, Princeton University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


There is no book more important for our culture than the Bible, and it is fundametal to the study of English literature and language.

Prof. David Jasper and Prof. Stephen Prickett
from the Bible and literature

Ashes to ashes, dust to dust 尘归尘,土归土 (创 2:7, 3:19)

图片说明: Cemetery in Manila, Philippines
图片版权: V. Gilbert and Arlisle F. Beers


“By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.” (Gen 3:19) “你必汗流满面才得糊口,直到你归了土,因为你是从土而出的。你本是尘土, 仍要归于尘土。”(创 3:19)



在葬礼中,我们会听到这句说话:「尘归尘,土归土」。其实,这句话是从英文的谚语 Ashes to ashes, dust to dust 翻译过来。这句谚语源自英國教會克藍瑪大主教於1549年出版的公祷书,概念则来自圣经《创世记》。 这概念在圣经中也有提及。当亚当与夏娃偷尝禁果后,上帝把他们逐出伊甸园,此后,人类不能靠伊甸园的果实糊口,而要汗流浃背,辛劳工作才得以养活自己。上帝对亚当说:「你必汗流满面才得糊口,直到你归了土;因为你是从土而出的。你本是尘土,仍要归于尘土。」



ash    cemetery    death    dust   

Related Information

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Search idiom or name

A lot of phrases, such as "two-edged sword" and " an eye for an eye", are taken from the English Bible. Learning the stories behind these idioms is fun, and can help boost your vocabulary. Click here to find out now!

What's in a name?

Common names such as Joseph and Rachel have their origins in the Bible. Want to know their stories before picking the right name for yourself? Click here to find out.