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The Bible has been the most influential text in all of Western culture. It's difficult to understand medieval or early modern or much of modern literature without knowing it...

Prof. Barbara Newman, Northwestern University
from 2006 Bible Literary project


It's not that it's impossible to read some writers without a Biblical background, but that you would miss a whole dimension to their work.

Prof. Steven Goldsmith, University of California at Berkeley
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


I can only say that if a student doesn't know any Bible literature, he or she will simply not understand whole elements of Shakespeare, Sidney, Spenser, Milton, Pope, Wordsworth

Prof. Robert Kiely, Harvard University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...there is truth in the remark. "without Tyndale[Bible translator], no Shakespeare"...

Prof. David Daniell, University College London
from The Bible in English


You can't really study Western literature intelligently or coherently without starting with the Bible.

Prof. Gerald L. Bruns, University of Notre Dame
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...a familiar understanding of Christian doctrine in historical perspective thus contributes to a fuller appreciation of Shakespeare's art, but Shakespeare's art

Prof. Roland M. Frye
from Shakespeare and the Christian Doctrine


In English tradition and also for an American tradition begun by Puritan writers, a knowledge of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament is even more crucial than classical references.

Prof. Ulrich Knoefplmacher, Princeton University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


There is no book more important for our culture than the Bible, and it is fundametal to the study of English literature and language.

Prof. David Jasper and Prof. Stephen Prickett
from the Bible and literature

Feet of clay أقدام من خزف (دانيال 2: 33)

Picture description: Daniel interprets the king’s dream
Picture copyright: V. Gilbert and Arlisle F. Beers

Bible Verse

“… ساقاه من حديد. قدماه بعضهما من حديد والبعض من خزف” (دانيال 2: 33) “وبما رأيت القدمين والاصابع بعضهما من خزف والبعض من حديد, فالمملكة تكون منقسمة.”(دانيال 2: 41)


أولئك الذين لديهم أقدام من الخزف لهم عيوب تجعلهم يبدوا أكثر إنسانية ومثل الناس العاديين.

Origin and Application

كان دانيال النبي الذي كان موهوباً في تفسير الإشارات والأحلام التي جعلته معروفاً في حكومة بابل. كان هناك وقت يحلم فيه الملك نبوخذنصر بتمثال مع رأس من الذهب والقدمين جزءاً من الطين او الخزف وجزئاً من الحديد. قام دانيال بتفسير أقدام الطين والحديد كرمز لمجيء مملكة من شأنها أن تكون قوية جزئيا مثل الحديد وضعيفة جزئيا كالطين. وكما أثبت التاريخ، فإن القدمين يشيران إلى الإمبراطورية الرومانية، التي انقسمت فيما بعد إلى عشر ولايات. وكان بعضها قويا مثل الحديد، ولكن البعض الآخر كان ضعيفا كما الطين.



clay    Daniel    dream    weakness   

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