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The Bible has been the most influential text in all of Western culture. It's difficult to understand medieval or early modern or much of modern literature without knowing it...

Prof. Barbara Newman, Northwestern University
from 2006 Bible Literary project


It's not that it's impossible to read some writers without a Biblical background, but that you would miss a whole dimension to their work.

Prof. Steven Goldsmith, University of California at Berkeley
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


I can only say that if a student doesn't know any Bible literature, he or she will simply not understand whole elements of Shakespeare, Sidney, Spenser, Milton, Pope, Wordsworth

Prof. Robert Kiely, Harvard University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...there is truth in the remark. "without Tyndale[Bible translator], no Shakespeare"...

Prof. David Daniell, University College London
from The Bible in English


You can't really study Western literature intelligently or coherently without starting with the Bible.

Prof. Gerald L. Bruns, University of Notre Dame
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...a familiar understanding of Christian doctrine in historical perspective thus contributes to a fuller appreciation of Shakespeare's art, but Shakespeare's art

Prof. Roland M. Frye
from Shakespeare and the Christian Doctrine


In English tradition and also for an American tradition begun by Puritan writers, a knowledge of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament is even more crucial than classical references.

Prof. Ulrich Knoefplmacher, Princeton University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


There is no book more important for our culture than the Bible, and it is fundametal to the study of English literature and language.

Prof. David Jasper and Prof. Stephen Prickett
from the Bible and literature

Exodus الخروج (الخروج 12 :31)

Picture description: The Israelites were free to leave.
Picture copyright: V. Gilbert and Arlisle F. Beers

Bible Verse


يأتي النزوح الآن ليعني خروج مجموعة كبيرة من الناس.

Origin and Application

وضعوا الإسرائيليون في المشقة في أرض مصر، حيث عملوا كعبيد. ادراكاً لمشقاتهم، ضرب الله أرض مصر مع وباء من أنواع مختلفة على أمل أن فرعون سوف يطلق إسرائيل. لكن قلب فرعون كان صلبا كالمعدن. وكملاذ أخير، ضرب الله البكر من كل أسرة مصرية خلال عيد الفصح. من أجل التمييز بين الأسر الإسرائيلية من المصريين، وطلب الله منهم أن يضعوا دم الخروف على أعتاب بيوتهم، حتى تنجو أسرهم من الطاعون. ومع رؤية أن كل البكر في مصر قد قتل، لم يكن أمام فرعونو خيار سوى إرسال الإسرائيليين إلى خارج البلاد. كان الإسرائيليون أخيرا احرار من المصريين، وغادروا البلاد كلهم.


إن نزوح الممرضات لن يؤثر على قدرة المستشفى على التعامل مع المرضى، كما يقول وزير الصحة.


departure    exodus    leave   

Related Information

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