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The Bible has been the most influential text in all of Western culture. It's difficult to understand medieval or early modern or much of modern literature without knowing it...

Prof. Barbara Newman, Northwestern University
from 2006 Bible Literary project


It's not that it's impossible to read some writers without a Biblical background, but that you would miss a whole dimension to their work.

Prof. Steven Goldsmith, University of California at Berkeley
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


I can only say that if a student doesn't know any Bible literature, he or she will simply not understand whole elements of Shakespeare, Sidney, Spenser, Milton, Pope, Wordsworth

Prof. Robert Kiely, Harvard University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...there is truth in the remark. "without Tyndale[Bible translator], no Shakespeare"...

Prof. David Daniell, University College London
from The Bible in English


You can't really study Western literature intelligently or coherently without starting with the Bible.

Prof. Gerald L. Bruns, University of Notre Dame
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...a familiar understanding of Christian doctrine in historical perspective thus contributes to a fuller appreciation of Shakespeare's art, but Shakespeare's art

Prof. Roland M. Frye
from Shakespeare and the Christian Doctrine


In English tradition and also for an American tradition begun by Puritan writers, a knowledge of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament is even more crucial than classical references.

Prof. Ulrich Knoefplmacher, Princeton University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


There is no book more important for our culture than the Bible, and it is fundametal to the study of English literature and language.

Prof. David Jasper and Prof. Stephen Prickett
from the Bible and literature

Babel بابل (تكوين 11)

Picture description: Babel Tower
Picture copyright: V. Gilbert and Arlisle F. Beers

Bible Verse

فبددهم الرب من هناك هلى وجه كل االرض, فكّفوا عن بنيان المدينة, لذلك “دعي اسمها “بابل” لأن الرب هناك بلبل لسان كل الارض”(تكوين 11: 8-9)


بابل تعني فوضى أو حالة من الارتباك. وتشير أيضا إلى مشروع خيالي.

Origin and Application

يتكون عالمنا الحاضر من ثقافات ولغات مختلفة، ولكن في البداية، كان العالم كله لغة واحدة فقط وخطاب واحد مشترك. بسبب الافنخار، حاول الرجال بناء برج يمكن أن يرتفع إلى السماوات بحيث “نصنع لأنفسنا اسماً لئلّا نتبدد على وجه كل الارض” (تكوين 11: 4). وإدراكا لخطتهم، بعثر الله عمدا لغة العالم وشتتهم في جميع أنحاء الأرض. لم يكن لديهم خيار سوى وقف بناء البرج، وهذا هو السبب في أنه دعي بابل، الذي يبدو وكأنه الكلمة العبرية ل “مبعثرمشوش”.



Babel    confusion    mess    pride    sin   

Related Information

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