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The Bible has been the most influential text in all of Western culture. It's difficult to understand medieval or early modern or much of modern literature without knowing it...

Prof. Barbara Newman, Northwestern University
from 2006 Bible Literary project


It's not that it's impossible to read some writers without a Biblical background, but that you would miss a whole dimension to their work.

Prof. Steven Goldsmith, University of California at Berkeley
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


I can only say that if a student doesn't know any Bible literature, he or she will simply not understand whole elements of Shakespeare, Sidney, Spenser, Milton, Pope, Wordsworth

Prof. Robert Kiely, Harvard University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...there is truth in the remark. "without Tyndale[Bible translator], no Shakespeare"...

Prof. David Daniell, University College London
from The Bible in English


You can't really study Western literature intelligently or coherently without starting with the Bible.

Prof. Gerald L. Bruns, University of Notre Dame
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...a familiar understanding of Christian doctrine in historical perspective thus contributes to a fuller appreciation of Shakespeare's art, but Shakespeare's art

Prof. Roland M. Frye
from Shakespeare and the Christian Doctrine


In English tradition and also for an American tradition begun by Puritan writers, a knowledge of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament is even more crucial than classical references.

Prof. Ulrich Knoefplmacher, Princeton University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


There is no book more important for our culture than the Bible, and it is fundametal to the study of English literature and language.

Prof. David Jasper and Prof. Stephen Prickett
from the Bible and literature

Heap coals of fire on his head جمع جمر نار على راسه (الأمثال 25: 22)

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Bible Verse

“فانك تجمع جمر نار على راسه والرب يكافئك” (الأمثال 25: 22) اذا جاع عدوك فاطعمه وان عطش فاسقه. فانك ان فعلت هذا تجمع جمر نار على راسه “(رومية 12 :20)


هذا المصطلح يشير إلى الوضع عندما تكون تعمل بودية تجاه عدو.

Origin and Application

تظهر هذه العبارة لأول مرة في الأمثال التي نقلت في وقت لاحق من قبل بولس الرسول في رسالة رومية. بولس يطلب منا أن نحب عدونا وان نغلب الشر بالخير. وبهذه الطريقة، نجمع جمر نار على رأسه. هناك العديد من التفسيرات حول أصل هذا المصطلح. ويرى البعض أن الأصل يأتي من تقليد قديم في مصر، حيث يتوب المجرمون عن خطاياهم من خلال تكديس الفحم على رؤوسهم. ويرى آخرون أن السكان الرحل القدامى اعتمدوا على النار بسبب عملهم. إذا تم إخماد الفحم في الصباح، يضطر الناس إلى تسول الفحم من جيرانهم ليحافظوا على دفئهم. الناس القدامى يحملون وعاء من الفحم على قمة رأسهم، ومن هنا جاء القول “كومة الفحم على رؤوسهم”.



coal    enemy    evil    good    return   

Related Information

NIV official site
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