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The Bible has been the most influential text in all of Western culture. It's difficult to understand medieval or early modern or much of modern literature without knowing it...

Prof. Barbara Newman, Northwestern University
from 2006 Bible Literary project


It's not that it's impossible to read some writers without a Biblical background, but that you would miss a whole dimension to their work.

Prof. Steven Goldsmith, University of California at Berkeley
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


I can only say that if a student doesn't know any Bible literature, he or she will simply not understand whole elements of Shakespeare, Sidney, Spenser, Milton, Pope, Wordsworth

Prof. Robert Kiely, Harvard University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...there is truth in the remark. "without Tyndale[Bible translator], no Shakespeare"...

Prof. David Daniell, University College London
from The Bible in English


You can't really study Western literature intelligently or coherently without starting with the Bible.

Prof. Gerald L. Bruns, University of Notre Dame
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...a familiar understanding of Christian doctrine in historical perspective thus contributes to a fuller appreciation of Shakespeare's art, but Shakespeare's art

Prof. Roland M. Frye
from Shakespeare and the Christian Doctrine


In English tradition and also for an American tradition begun by Puritan writers, a knowledge of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament is even more crucial than classical references.

Prof. Ulrich Knoefplmacher, Princeton University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


There is no book more important for our culture than the Bible, and it is fundametal to the study of English literature and language.

Prof. David Jasper and Prof. Stephen Prickett
from the Bible and literature

Sabbatical year (Leviticus 25:4)

bible verse


A sabbatical year is a period during which people take a break from their normal routine of work.

origin and application

Sometimes, there is a sign hung outside the door of a professor saying that he or she is on sabbatical leave. A sabbatical year is a period during which people take a break from their normal routine of work.
In the Old Testament times, God asked the Israelites to give the agricultural land a year of rest after six years of sowing. After the seventh year, i.e. the sabbatical year, farmers can plough the field again. Today, many churches send their preachers to rest after six consecutive years of ministry. When on sabbatical, they either take a rest or embark on studies or research before going to work again. Inacademia, sabbatical leave can mean a break between terms during which professors stop teaching in order to focus on academic research.
Sabbatical comes from the word “Sabbath”, meaning rest in Hebrew. In the order of creation, God created the world in six days, and the last day is reserved for rest where no work should be done. Jews termed this day as Sabbath Day and have been observing this tradition to the present. In Israel, Sabbath Day takes place from the sunset of Friday to the sunset of Saturday where all public traffic are stopped, except taxis run by Arabs, who are under no religious obligations to observe this tradition. Hence tourists are often reminded not to arrive Israel on Sabbath Day to avoid the hours of waiting for a taxi.


Professor Smith is on sabbatical this semester.


Israel    rest    sabbath    work   

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