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The Bible has been the most influential text in all of Western culture. It's difficult to understand medieval or early modern or much of modern literature without knowing it...

Prof. Barbara Newman, Northwestern University
from 2006 Bible Literary project


It's not that it's impossible to read some writers without a Biblical background, but that you would miss a whole dimension to their work.

Prof. Steven Goldsmith, University of California at Berkeley
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


I can only say that if a student doesn't know any Bible literature, he or she will simply not understand whole elements of Shakespeare, Sidney, Spenser, Milton, Pope, Wordsworth

Prof. Robert Kiely, Harvard University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...there is truth in the remark. "without Tyndale[Bible translator], no Shakespeare"...

Prof. David Daniell, University College London
from The Bible in English


You can't really study Western literature intelligently or coherently without starting with the Bible.

Prof. Gerald L. Bruns, University of Notre Dame
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...a familiar understanding of Christian doctrine in historical perspective thus contributes to a fuller appreciation of Shakespeare's art, but Shakespeare's art

Prof. Roland M. Frye
from Shakespeare and the Christian Doctrine


In English tradition and also for an American tradition begun by Puritan writers, a knowledge of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament is even more crucial than classical references.

Prof. Ulrich Knoefplmacher, Princeton University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


There is no book more important for our culture than the Bible, and it is fundametal to the study of English literature and language.

Prof. David Jasper and Prof. Stephen Prickett
from the Bible and literature

Ashes to ashes, dust to dust 塵歸塵,土歸土 (創 2:7, 3:19)

圖片說明: Cemetery in Manila, Philippines
圖片版權: V. Gilbert and Arlisle F. Beers


“By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.” (Gen 3:19) “你必汗流滿面才得糊口,直到你歸了土,因為你是從土而出的。你本是塵土, 仍要歸於塵土。 ”(創3:19)



在葬禮中,我們會聽到這句說話:「塵歸塵,土歸土」。其實,這句話是從英文的諺語 Ashes to ashes, dust to dust 翻譯過來。這句諺語源自英國教會克藍瑪大主教於1549年出版的公禱書,概念則來自聖經《創世記》。 這概念在聖經中也有提及。當亞當與夏娃偷嘗禁果後,上帝把他們逐出伊甸園,此後,人類不能靠伊甸園的果實糊口,而要汗流浹背,辛勞工作才得以養活自己。上帝對亞當說:「你必汗流滿面才得糊口,直到你歸了土;因為你是從土而出的。你本是塵土,仍要歸于塵土。」



ash    cemetery    death    dust   

Related Information

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Search idiom or name

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What's in a name?

Common names such as Joseph and Rachel have their origins in the Bible. Want to know their stories before picking the right name for yourself? Click here to find out.