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The Bible has been the most influential text in all of Western culture. It's difficult to understand medieval or early modern or much of modern literature without knowing it...

Prof. Barbara Newman, Northwestern University
from 2006 Bible Literary project


It's not that it's impossible to read some writers without a Biblical background, but that you would miss a whole dimension to their work.

Prof. Steven Goldsmith, University of California at Berkeley
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


I can only say that if a student doesn't know any Bible literature, he or she will simply not understand whole elements of Shakespeare, Sidney, Spenser, Milton, Pope, Wordsworth

Prof. Robert Kiely, Harvard University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...there is truth in the remark. "without Tyndale[Bible translator], no Shakespeare"...

Prof. David Daniell, University College London
from The Bible in English


You can't really study Western literature intelligently or coherently without starting with the Bible.

Prof. Gerald L. Bruns, University of Notre Dame
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...a familiar understanding of Christian doctrine in historical perspective thus contributes to a fuller appreciation of Shakespeare's art, but Shakespeare's art

Prof. Roland M. Frye
from Shakespeare and the Christian Doctrine


In English tradition and also for an American tradition begun by Puritan writers, a knowledge of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament is even more crucial than classical references.

Prof. Ulrich Knoefplmacher, Princeton University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


There is no book more important for our culture than the Bible, and it is fundametal to the study of English literature and language.

Prof. David Jasper and Prof. Stephen Prickett
from the Bible and literature

Not live by bread alone (Deuteronomy 8:3)

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bible verse

“man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord.” (Deuteronomy 8:3)


origin and application

The Israelites, under the leadership of Moses, spent forty years in the wilderness in search of the promised land after leaving Egypt. While in the wilderness, Israelites learnt to count on the supplies of God in order to survive the barren desert. For forty years, God rained down manna from heaven to feed their hunger. When they were thirsty, water flowed from hard rocks. It is during tough times like these they learnt to be faithful, that “man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord.” (Deuteronomy 8:3)
The same phrase is quoted by Jesus in the New Testament when he was resisting Satan’s temptation in the middle of a forty-day fast in the wilderness. Tempting Jesus to break his fast, Satan asked Jesus to turn stones into bread to prove that he is son of God (Matthew 4:4). But Jesus resisted, “It is written, “Man shall not live by bread alone,” but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.”
What Jesus is telling us here is that man should look to God’s word rather than focusing on material things. Those who seek God first will eventually be provided with the basic necessities to carry us through.



bread    live    temptation   

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