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The Bible has been the most influential text in all of Western culture. It's difficult to understand medieval or early modern or much of modern literature without knowing it...

Prof. Barbara Newman, Northwestern University
from 2006 Bible Literary project


It's not that it's impossible to read some writers without a Biblical background, but that you would miss a whole dimension to their work.

Prof. Steven Goldsmith, University of California at Berkeley
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


I can only say that if a student doesn't know any Bible literature, he or she will simply not understand whole elements of Shakespeare, Sidney, Spenser, Milton, Pope, Wordsworth

Prof. Robert Kiely, Harvard University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...there is truth in the remark. "without Tyndale[Bible translator], no Shakespeare"...

Prof. David Daniell, University College London
from The Bible in English


You can't really study Western literature intelligently or coherently without starting with the Bible.

Prof. Gerald L. Bruns, University of Notre Dame
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


...a familiar understanding of Christian doctrine in historical perspective thus contributes to a fuller appreciation of Shakespeare's art, but Shakespeare's art

Prof. Roland M. Frye
from Shakespeare and the Christian Doctrine


In English tradition and also for an American tradition begun by Puritan writers, a knowledge of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament is even more crucial than classical references.

Prof. Ulrich Knoefplmacher, Princeton University
from 2006 Bible Literary Project


There is no book more important for our culture than the Bible, and it is fundametal to the study of English literature and language.

Prof. David Jasper and Prof. Stephen Prickett
from the Bible and literature

Wages of sin (Romans: 6:23)

bible verse

“For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”


origin and application

Sin is a crucial concept in Christianity. What is sin? Sin is an offense or violation that turns us away from God. Sins are not only wrongdoings or misdeeds, but can be some shameful inclinations, such as pride, covetousness, lust, wrath, gluttony, envy, and sloth.
“Wages” is a metaphor in this expression, meaning the result of sin, which is death. If people continue to commit immoral acts or thinking, this will only lead them to death in the final judgment. According to Paul the apostle who wrote this verse in the Book of Romans, those who believe in Jesus Christ will be freed from sin. They will also receive a gift from God—eternal life.



covetousness    death    envy    gluttony    lust    pride    sin    sloth    wage    wrath   

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